2022 Graduate Workshop
organized by Sayid R. Bnefsi
with special thanks to:Miriam and Gloria at UCI Philosophy
Daniel Z. Korman (UCSB)3:00-5:00 PMHG 1010 @ UCI
theme: metaphysics (broadly construed)
TIME AND PLACE
Friday, April 22, 202212:30-2:45 PMHG 1010 @ UCI
On the Metaphysics of Race
A Tractarian Structuralism: Dissolving the Wellfoundedness Problem Abstract:
On Racism: An Account from the Victim’s Perspective
In this paper, I plan to advance our understanding of racism in three ways. First, I present an account of racism as harm to persons on the basis of perceived racial properties. Second, I argue that there are three interacting perspectives that can be taken with regard to this harm and to which existing accounts of racism can be assigned. These perspectives center a) perpetrators of racism (as in perpetrator-centered accounts), b) victims of racism (as in victim-centered accounts), and c) the broader social context (as in structural and institutional accounts). Third, I discuss some metaphysical consequences of the victim-centered perspective, which has thus far been mostly unconsidered in accounts of the wrongs of racism. I argue that victim-centered accounts articulate the interaction between racism and persons’ bodies in such a way that they can account for certain obvious things about race and racism which otherwise resist straightforward explanation. Focusing on victim-centered accounts of racism profoundly expands our capacity to understand and respond to racist harm.
Memberless Organized Social Groups
Many philosophers maintain that some organized social groups (e.g., baseball teams, committees, and courts) may exist despite having no members. In this paper, I examine cases that motivate this position, cases where an organized social group seems to persist despite having no members. My aim here is twofold. First, I aim to show that we may accept that such cases are possible without accepting the possibility of memberless organized social groups; second, I aim to show that the acceptance of the possibility of memberless organized social groups comes at a steep price.